Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States. During the Spanish American War, he helped Cuba get its freedom from Spain and charged up San Juan Hill in Cuba with the Rough Riders volunteer cavalry regiment. Throughout his career, he worked to make life better for working people.
Theodore was born on October 27, 1858 in New York City where he grew up in a wealthy family. His parents were Theodore Roosevelt Sr. and Martha. He had one sister named Anna. He loved natural history, hiking, running, and boxing. He was a sickly asthmatic child although he got better with exercise.
Theodore went to Harvard University where he met his future wife, Alice, who at first refused to marry him. They had a baby girl and named her Alice after her mother. However, tragedy struck two days after the birth when Theodore’s wife and mother died on the same day. Theodore was devastated and asked his sister to take care of his baby, Alice, and he went to the American west to work on a ranch as a cowboy. He went back to New York in 1886 and got married soon after to Edith Kermit. Edith and Theodore had five children.
Theodore got a job as the Assistant Secretary of the Navy. In 1900, he became Vice-President to President William McKinley. In September of 1901, President McKinley was assassinated, and Theodore became president. As president, Theodore was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for stopping arguments between Russia and Japan. In 1904, he ran for president and won a second term.
During his presidency, he worked to make life better for working people and was also known for his work in conservation and created new national parks, forests, and monuments. Today, his face is included on the side of Mount Rushmore. His contributions to society can be summed up in his famous words, “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.”